Market Formation in China from 1978

主讲人: Rongsheng Tang

Professor Rongsheng Tang is an assistant professor at Shanghai University of Finance and Economics. His major fields of concentration are Growth and Development, Macroeconomics and Chinese Economy. He obtained his Ph.D. in economics from Washington University in St. Louis in 2017.

主持人: Keqing Liu

This paper studies the formation of market economy in China from 1978 to 1992, a period in which market economy was introduced and developed alongside planned government procurement for agricultural goods. Under the “dual track system” (DTS), rural farmers were obligated to fulfill government procurement before selling to the market, whereas urban consumers enjoyed de facto subsidies to agricultural products. Using a neoclassical general equilibrium model with heterogeneous firms and workers and input-output linkage, this paper exploits historical data and analyzes allocation, prices, and the formation of markets in China during this DTS period. Theoretically, while DTS will distort the resources allocation between rural and urban (misallocation effect), it selects workers and farmers in the rural (selection effect). What is more, comparing to the economy under Soviet-style big bang reform, DTS activates industrialization by providing intermediate goods with lower-than-market price (activation effect). Quantitatively, directly switching to market economy in 1978 would decrease total output by 4.5% as the activation effect dominates. On the intensive margin, reform on DTS ( procurement price was getting closer to market price ) had contributed to total output by 4.4% from 1978 to 1992.

时间: 2021-10-14(Thursday)16:40-18:00
地点: Tencent Meeting
主办单位: 厦门大学经济学院、王亚南经济研究院
承办单位: 厦门大学经济学院、王亚南经济研究院
类型: 系列讲座